Sympathetic Nervous System Activity and the Heart

Jay N Cohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The sympathetic nervous system has been viewed as the critical mechanism for cardiovascular response to increased circulatory needs during acute stress, augmenting cardiac rate and contractility and changing peripheral vascular tone. These physiologic responses, however, are increasingly thought to cause long-term adverse effects‒such as altered myocardial function; renal, systemic, and coronary vasoconstriction; ventricular arrhythmias; and left ventricular hypertrophy‒for some patients with cardiovascular disease. How the sympathetic nervous system affects the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases is not fully understood, although new techniques for assessing plasma catecholamines and for quantitating sympathetic activity are adding to our knowledge. Nevertheless, a review of the physiologic responses to sympathetic nervous system stimulation reveals much about their possible role in the cardiovascular disease process. Am J Hypertens 1989;2:353S–356S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353S-356S
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1989

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This report was supported in part by NIH Program Project Grant POl -HL32427. A preliminary report was presented at a symposium at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hypertension, New York City, June 21, 1988.


  • Catecholamines
  • Heart failure
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Norepinephrine
  • Sympathetic discharge
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • Sympathetic stimulation
  • β-receptor blockade


Dive into the research topics of 'Sympathetic Nervous System Activity and the Heart'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this