Sustained reduction of aldosterone in response to the angiotensin receptor blocker Valsartan in patients with chronic heart failure: Results from the Valsartan heart failure trial

Jay N. Cohn, Inder S. Anand, Roberto Latini, Serge Masson, Yann Tong Chiang, Robert Glazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Aldosterone has been implicated in the progression of heart failure. The Valsartan Heart Failure Trial (Val-HeFT) provided the first opportunity to examine the long-term effects of an angiotensin receptor blocker on plasma aldosterone levels in patients with NYHA class II through IV heart failure. Methods and Results - Plasma aldosterone was measured by radioimmunoassay in core laboratories at baseline and during follow-up in patients assigned to valsartan at a target dose of 160 mg twice daily or placebo. In the placebo group, aldosterone (baseline, 150±160 pg/mL, mean±SD; n = 2025) increased at 4, 12, and 24 months. In the valsartan group, aldosterone (baseline, 137±124 pg/mL, mean±SD; n = 2023) decreased at 4 months and remained suppressed for up to 2 years. At end point (last measurement in each patient), mean aldosterone increased by 17.8±3.0 pg/mL (SEM) (11.9%) in the placebo group and decreased by 23.8±3.0 pg/mL (SEM) (-17.4%) in the in the valsartan group (P<0.00001). The effect of valsartan was similar in all subgroups, including those receiving neither ACE inhibitors (ACE-I) nor β-blockers (BB) at baseline and those receiving concomitant ACE-I or BB. In contrast, outcome effects varied in the 4 subgroups, with a statistically significant reduction in the combined mortality/morbidity end point in those receiving neither neurohormonal inhibitor and an adverse trend in those treated with both drugs. Conclusions - Valsartan added to background therapy for heart failure produces sustained reduction in plasma aldosterone, consistent with the observed significant reduction in the combined mortality/morbidity end point. A similar reduction in all subgroups based on ACE-I or BB therapy, despite differing clinical outcomes in these subgroups, suggests that aldosterone plasma levels may not be a critical marker of the progression of heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1306-1309
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation
Volume108
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 16 2003

Keywords

  • Angiotensin
  • Heart failure
  • Trials

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