Sustainability Standards and Stakeholder Engagement: Lessons From Carbon Markets

Hans Rawhouser, Michael E. Cummings, Alfred Marcus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Stakeholders play an increasingly active role in private governance, including development of standards for measuring sustainability. Building on prior studies focused on standards and stakeholder engagement, we use an innovation management theoretical lens to compare stakeholder engagement and standards developed in two carbon markets: the Climate Action Reserve and the U.N.’s Clean Development Mechanism. We develop and test hypotheses regarding how different processes of stakeholder engagement in standard development affect the number, identity, and age of stakeholders involved, as well as the variation and quality of the resulting standards. In doing so, we contribute to the growing literature on stakeholder engagement in developing sustainability standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-282
Number of pages20
JournalOrganization and Environment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Hans Rawhouser received financial support from the Carlson School Dissertation Fellowship and the Cargill Doctoral Fellowship for his contribution to this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2017.


  • carbon markets
  • crowdsourcing
  • inclusivity
  • stakeholder engagement
  • sustainability standards


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