Sustainability and Biodiversity

Jeannine Cavender-Bares, James Heffernan, Elizabeth King, Stephen Polasky, Patricia Balvanera, William C. Clark

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Scopus citations


Extraordinary rates of biodiversity loss, coupled with rising human population and consumption rates, threaten the sustainability of Earth's life support systems. An inclusive wealth framework that considers the current and future stocks and flows of human and Earth system assets, including biodiversity, provides one means of examining progress toward sustainability. Successful efforts to meet the needs of current and future generations will require a global perspective that considers the complex relationships between biodiversity, poverty, and equity as well as a temporal perspective that considers the nonlinear dynamics and potential tipping points in human and Earth systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Ecosystem and environmental services
  • Ecosystem functions
  • Inclusive wealth
  • Intergenerational equity
  • Natural capital
  • Poverty
  • Resilience
  • Shadow prices
  • Social equity
  • Sustainable development


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