Susceptibility quantification in MRI using modified conjugate gradient least square method

Luning Wang, Jason Langley, Qun Zhao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


MR susceptometry provides a new approach to enhance contrast in MR imaging and quantify substances such as iron, calcium, blood oxygenation in various organs for the clinical diagnosis of many diseases. Susceptibility is closely related to the magnetic field inhomogeneity in MRI, and calculation of susceptibility from the measured magnetic field is an ill-posed inverse problem. Conjugate gradient least square (CGLS) method with Tikhonov regularization is a powerful tool to solve the inverse problems. However, the estimated quantity in CGLS method is usually in one-dimensional (e.g., a column vector) while the most of MR data are in the form of three dimensions. In this work, the least square problem is modified to enable the calculation of susceptibility directly from three-dimensional MR phase maps, which has the benefit of reducing the size of associated matrices and usage of computer memories. Numerical simulations were used to find the proper regularization parameters and study the influence of different noise levels of the magnetic field on the regularization parameters. Experiments of superparamagnetic iron oxide phantom were also conducted. Both of the results demonstrate the validation and accuracy of this method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2011
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
StatePublished - May 13 2011
EventMedical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 13 2011Feb 17 2011

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL


  • conjugate gradient least square method
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • usceptibility


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