Susceptibility of greenhouse ornamentals to Phytophthora capsici and P. tropicalis

T. B. Enzenbacher, R. P. Naegele, M. K. Hausbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The susceptibility of fabaceous (Lupinus and Lathyrus spp.) and solanaceous (Calibrachoa, Browallia, Nicotiana, Nierembergia, and Petunia spp.) ornamental plants compared with straightneck squash (Cucurbita pepo) inoculated with Phytophthora capsici and P. tropicalis was investigated in greenhouse studies. Four P. capsici isolates and one P. tropicalis isolate were evaluated. Flowering tobacco (Nicotiana × sanderae), sweet pea (Lathyrus latifolius), lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus), squash, and million bells (Calibrachoa × hybrida) were susceptible to P. capsici and P. tropicalis. Bush violet (Browallia speciosa) and cup flower (Nierembergia scoparia) were not susceptible to either pathogen. Petunia (Petunia × hybrida) was susceptible to P. capsici but not P. tropicalis. Area under the plant growth curve (AUPGC) was also affected in some susceptible plants. AUPGC was significantly different in inoculated plants compared with the untreated controls of Nicotiana and Calibrachoa. In addition, six Calibrachoa cultivars were evaluated for susceptibility to P. capsici and P. tropicalis in a separate experiment. Although all Calibrachoa cultivars were susceptible to P. capsici and P. tropicalis, ‘Celebration Purple Star’ displayed limited disease following inoculation with either pathogen. Calibrachoa ‘Cabaret’ and ‘Can-Can’ inoculated with P. capsici or P. tropicalis displayed significant differences in AUPGC compared with the uninoculated controls. ‘Callie’, ‘Million Bells Cherry Pink’, and ‘Superbells’ had significantly reduced AUPGC compared with the controls when inoculated with P. tropicalis but not P. capsici. These results expand the host range of P. capsici to include Calibrachoa spp., L. polyphyllus, and Lathyrus latifolius, and P. tropicalis to include L. latifolius, Nicotiana spp., and straightneck squash.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1808-1815
Number of pages8
JournalPlant disease
Volume99
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The American Phytopathological Society.

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