Susceptibility of Field and Laboratory Bt-Susceptible and Resistant Strains of Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) to HearNPV

Wilfrid Calvin, Fei Yang, Haley Kennedy, Paula G. Marçon, David L. Kerns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During 2021 and 2022, eight field-collected and five laboratory Helicoverpa zea strains with varying susceptibility to different Bt proteins were evaluated for their responses against HearNPV using diet-overlay bioassays. The five laboratory strains included SS (susceptible to all Bt proteins), CRY-RR (resistant to Cry1 and Cry2), VIP-RR-70 (resistant to Vip3Aa), VIP-RR-15 (resistant to Vip3Aa), and TRE-RR (resistant to Cry1, Cry2, and Vip3Aa). Our findings showed that the susceptibility of TRE-RR, VIP-RR-70, and VIP-RR-15 strains to HearNPV was similar to that of the SS strain. However, the field and Cry-RR strains were more resistant to HearNPV compared to the SS strain. Because most feral H. zea strains in the southern U.S. have developed practical resistance to Cry Bt proteins but remain susceptible to Vip3Aa, the results suggest that the reduced susceptibility to HearNPV in H. zea may be associated with the resistance to Cry Bt proteins but not with the resistance to Vip3Aa. Correlation analysis confirmed that there was a significant positive relationship between Cry resistance and HearNPV resistance, but not between the Vip3Aa resistance and HearNPV resistance in H. zea. Our findings provide valuable insights into the relationship between susceptibility to HearNPV and resistance to Bt proteins in H. zea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number529
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.


  • HearNPV
  • Helicoverpa zea
  • IPM
  • biological insecticide
  • resistance management

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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