Susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolated from uteri of postpartum dairy cows to antibiotic and environmental bacteriophages. Part I: Isolation and lytic activity estimation of bacteriophages

R. C. Bicalho, T. M A Santos, R. O. Gilbert, L. S. Caixeta, L. M. Teixeira, M. L S Bicalho, V. S. Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to isolate bacteriophages from environmental samples of 2 large commercial dairy farms using Escherichia coli isolated from the uteri of postpartum Holstein dairy cows as hosts. A total of 11 bacteriophage preparations were isolated from manure systems of commercial dairy farms and characterized for in vitro antimicrobial activity. In addition, a total of 57 E. coli uterine isolates from 5 dairy cows were phylogenetically grouped by triplex PCR. Each E. coli bacterial host from the uterus was inoculated with their respective bacteriophage preparation at several different multiplicities of infections (MOI) to determine minimum inhibitory MOI. The effect of a single dose (MOI=102) of bacteriophage on the growth curve of all 57 E. coli isolates was assessed using a microplate technique. Furthermore, genetic diversity within and between the different bacteriophage preparations was assessed by bacteriophage purification followed by DNA extraction, restriction, and agarose gel electrophoresis. Phylogenetic grouping based on triplex PCR showed that all isolates of E. coli belonged to phylogroup B1. Bacterial growth was completely inhibited at considerably low MOI, and the effect of a single dose (MOI=102) of bacteriophage preparations on the growth curve of all 57 E. coli isolates showed that all bacteriophage preparations significantly decreased the growth rate of the isolates. Bacteriophage preparation 1230-10 had the greatest antimicrobial activity and completely inhibited the growth of 71.7% (n=57) of the isolates. The combined action of bacteriophage preparations 1230-10, 6375-10, 2540-4, and 6547-2, each at MOI=102, had the broadest spectrum of action and completely inhibited the growth (final optical density at 600nm ≤0.1) of 80% of the E. coli isolates and considerably inhibited the growth (final optical density at 600nm ≤0.2) of 90% of the E. coli isolates. Restriction profile analysis demonstrated that all 4 phage preparations contained bacteriophages that were genetically distinct from each other according to the banding pattern of the fragments. The combination of several different bacteriophages can improve the spectrum of action, and the results of this study suggest that bacteriophages 1230-10, 6375-10, 2540-4, and 6547-2 should be used in combination as a cocktail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Bacteriophage therapy
  • Dairy cow
  • Metritis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolated from uteri of postpartum dairy cows to antibiotic and environmental bacteriophages. Part I: Isolation and lytic activity estimation of bacteriophages'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this