Survival of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in houseflies

Satoshi Otake, Scott A. Dee, Roger D. Moon, Kurt D. Rossow, Carlos Trincado, MacDonald Farnham, Carlos Pijoan

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to determine the duration of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) survival in houseflies (Musca domestica Linnaeus) following feeding on an infected pig, and to determine whether the virus was present on the exterior surface or within the internal viscera of the fly. A total of 210 laboratory-colonized houseflies were allowed to feed to repletion on a pig, experimentally infected with PRRSV on day 7 postinoculation, and then maintained alive under laboratory conditions (27°C). Two subsets (A and B) of 30 flies were collected at each of the following sampling points; 0, 6, and 12 hours post feeding (pf). Subset A contained an extra group of 30 flies collected at 24 hours pf due to the availability of extra flies. Flies in subset A were processed as whole fly homogenates, while the exterior surface washes and digestive organs were collected from flies in subset B. Whole fly homogenates, collected at 0, 6, and 12 hours pf, were positive by both polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and swine bioassay. Digestive organs, collected at 0 and 12 hours pf, were positive by PCR and swine bioassay. The PRRSV RNA was detected by PCR from the exterior surface wash of subset B flies collected at 0, 6, and 12 hours pf; however, only the subset collected at 0 hour pf was swine bioassay-positive. This study indicates that infectious PRRSV can survive within the intestinal tract of houseflies for up to 12 hours following feeding on an infected pig, but only for a short period on the exterior surface of the flies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume67
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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    Otake, S., Dee, S. A., Moon, R. D., Rossow, K. D., Trincado, C., Farnham, M., & Pijoan, C. (2003). Survival of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in houseflies. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 67(3), 198-203.