Survival of influenza viruses on environmental surfaces

B. Bean, B. M. Moore, B. Sterner, L. R. Peterson, D. N. Gerding, H. H. Balfour

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297 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate the transmission of influenza viruses via hands and environmental surfaces, the survival of laboratory-grown influenza A and influenza B viruses on various surfaces was studied. Both influenza A and B viruses survived for 24-48 hr on hard, nonporous surfaces such as stainless steel and plastic but survived for <8-12 hr on cloth, paper, and tissues. Measurable quantities of influenza A virus were transferred from stainless steel surfaces to hands for 24 hr and from tissues to hands for up to 15 min. Virus survived on hands for up to 5 min after transfer from the environmental surfaces. These observations suggest that the transmission of virus from donors who are shedding large amounts could occur for 2-8 hr via stainless steel surfaces and for a few minutes via paper tissues. Thus, under conditions of heavy environmental contamination, the transmission of influenza virus via fomites may be possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-51
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume146
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1982

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    Bean, B., Moore, B. M., Sterner, B., Peterson, L. R., Gerding, D. N., & Balfour, H. H. (1982). Survival of influenza viruses on environmental surfaces. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 146(1), 47-51. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/146.1.47