Survival in elderly patients supported with continuous flow left ventricular assist device as bridge to transplantation or destination therapy

Andrew N. Rosenbaum, Ranjit John, Kenneth K. Liao, Sirtaz Adatya, Monica M. Colvin-Adams, Marc Pritzker, Peter M. Eckman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Published data on mechanical circulatory support for elderly patients in continuous flow devices are sparse and suggest relatively poor survival. This study investigated whether LVADs can be implanted in selected patients over the age of 65 years with acceptable survival compared with published outcomes. Methods and Results A single-center retrospective analysis was conducted in 64 consecutive patients ≥65 years of age implanted with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) as either bridge to transplantation or destination therapy from August 2005 to January 2012. Baseline laboratory and hemodynamic characteristics and follow-up data were obtained. Median survival was 1,090 days. Survival was 85%, 74%, 55%, and 45% at 6 months and 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively. Our cohort had a baseline mean Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM) score of 2.6 ± 0.9. Observed survival was significantly better than SHFM-predicted medical survival. Stratification by age subsets, renal function, SHFM, implantation intention, or etiology did not reveal significant differences in survival. The most common cause of death was sepsis and nonlethalcomplication was bleeding. Conclusions Our experience with patients over the age of 65 receiving CF-LVADs suggests that this group demonstrates excellent survival. Further research is needed to discern the specific criteria for risk stratification for LVAD support in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiac failure
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • LVAD
  • Survival
  • destination therapy
  • elderly

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