Surface modification of mesoporous, macroporous, and amorphous silica with catalytically active polyoxometalate clusters

B. J.S. Johnson, A. Stein

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Abstract

Transition-metal-substituted polyoxometalates (TMSP) of the type [M11(H2O)PW11O39] 5- (M = Co, Zn) and [SiW9O37{Co11(H2O)} 3]10- have been chemically anchored to modified macroporous (400 nm pores), mesoporous (2.8 nm pores), and amorphous silica surfaces. The materials were characterized by solid-state 31P MAS NMR, UV-vis, FT-IR spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption experiments to verify cluster attachment and the structure of the TMSP on the support. On the basis of the spectroscopic evidence, clusters were attached datively to the surface, and the integrity of the [CoPW11] cluster was maintained for nonaqueous impregnation with TBA5[CoPW11]; partial degradation of the cluster occurred when it was impregnated from aqueous solution using the K5[CoPW11] salt. Both the amine surface groups and the cobalt centers in the clusters were found to be necessary to prevent cluster loss during washing or reaction processes. The catalytic activities of the supported TMSP clusters were tested by the epoxidation of cyclohexene to cyclohexene oxide in the presence of isobutyraldehyde. The percent conversion of the substrate and the amount of product formed per unit time were similar for [CoPW11] clusters on each of the three silica supports, but slightly lower than for purely homogeneous reactions. [SiW9Co3] clusters with three available cobalt centers exhibited higher catalytic activity with nearly identical performance on a silica support or in homogeneous solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2001

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