Surface-immobilized biomolecules on albumin modified porcine pericardium for preventing thrombosis and calcification

T. Chandy, Gladwin S Das, P. F. Wilson, G. H R Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The search for a noncalcifying tissue material to be used for valve replacement application continues to be a field of extensive investigation. A series of porcine pericardial membranes was prepared by modifying the glutaraldehyde - treated tissues with albumin and subsequently immobilizing bioactive molecules like PGE1, PGI2 or heparin via the carbodiimide functionalities. The in vitro calcification and collagenase degradation of these modified tissues were studied as a function of exposure time. Furthermore, the biocompatibility aspects of such novel interfaces were established by platelet adhesion and fibrinogen adsorption. The results reported in this article propose that the treatment with antiplatelet agents such as albumin, heparin and prostaglandins (PGE1 or PGI2) change the surface conditioning of pericardial tissues, suggesting a possible role of deposited serum components in affecting mineralization process on bioprosthesis. Therefore, it is worthy to hypothesize that besides inhibiting the accumulation of calcium in the devitalized cells, the early formation of a conditioning layer on the bioprosthesis surface may affect salt precipitations, determining the propensity of the implant to calcify. More detailed studies are needed to understand the involvement of plasma proteins and cellular components of the recipient blood in tissue-associated calcification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-558
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1999

Keywords

  • Cellular involvements
  • Collagen degradation
  • Fibrinogen adsorption
  • Heparin
  • Pericardial calcification
  • Prostaglandins
  • Surface modifications

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