Supragingival plaque microbiome ecology and functional potential in the context of health and disease

Josh L. Espinoza, Derek M. Harkins, Manolito Torralba, Andres Gomez, Sarah K. Highlander, Marcus B. Jones, Pamela Leong, Richard Saffery, Michelle Bockmann, Claire Kuelbs, Jason M. Inman, Toby Hughes, Jeffrey M. Craig, Karen E. Nelson, Chris L. Dupont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

To address the question of how microbial diversity and function in the oral cavities of children relates to caries diagnosis, we surveyed the supragingival plaque biofilm microbiome in 44 juvenile twin pairs. Using shotgun sequencing, we constructed a genome encyclopedia describing the core supragingival plaque microbiome. Caries phenotypes contained statistically significant enrichments in specific genome abundances and distinct community composition profiles, including strain-level changes. Metabolic pathways that are statistically associated with caries include several sugar-associated phosphotransferase systems, antimicrobial resistance, and metal transport. Numerous closely related previously uncharacterized microbes had substantial variation in central metabolism, including the loss of biosynthetic pathways resulting in auxotrophy, changing the ecological role. We also describe the first complete Gracilibacteria genomes from the human microbiome. Caries is a microbial community metabolic disorder that cannot be described by a single etiology, and our results provide the information needed for next-generation diagnostic tools and therapeutics for caries. IMPORTANCE Oral health has substantial economic importance, with over $100 billion spent on dental care in the United States annually. The microbiome plays a critical role in oral health, yet remains poorly classified. To address the question of how microbial diversity and function in the oral cavities of children relate to caries diagnosis, we surveyed the supragingival plaque biofilm microbiome in 44 juvenile twin pairs. Using shotgun sequencing, we constructed a genome encyclopedia describing the core supragingival plaque microbiome. This unveiled several new previously uncharacterized but ubiquitous microbial lineages in the oral microbiome. Caries is a microbial community metabolic disorder that cannot be described by a single etiology, and our results provide the information needed for next-generation diagnostic tools and therapeutics for caries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere01631-18
JournalmBio
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Metabolism
  • Metagenomics
  • Microbial ecology
  • Oral microbiology
  • Streptococcus

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    Espinoza, J. L., Harkins, D. M., Torralba, M., Gomez, A., Highlander, S. K., Jones, M. B., Leong, P., Saffery, R., Bockmann, M., Kuelbs, C., Inman, J. M., Hughes, T., Craig, J. M., Nelson, K. E., & Dupont, C. L. (2018). Supragingival plaque microbiome ecology and functional potential in the context of health and disease. mBio, 9(6), [e01631-18]. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.01631-18