Suppressor T cell circuits in contact sensitivity. III. A monoclonal T cell hybrid-derived suppressor factor specifically suppresses local DTH transfer by a DNP-specific T cell clone

S. D. Miller, M. K. Jenkins

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Herein we described the direct suppressive effects of a monoclonal T cell hybridoma-derived, DNP-specific suppressor T cell factor (26.10.2 TsF) on the local transfer of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) by a DNP-specific BALB/c T cell clone (dD1.9). The L3T4+, Lyt-2- dD1.9 T cell clone proliferated in response to DNP-OVA and DNBS, but not TNP-OVA or TNBS, in association with I-E(d) determinants present on antigen-presenting cells. Similarly, local injection of histopaque-purified dD1.9 cell blasts resulted in DNP-specific, radioresistant, I-E(d)-restricted, mononuclear cell-rich ear swelling responses. Incubation in 26.10.2 TsF specifically suppressed local transfer of DNP-specific DTH by dD1.9, but not local DTH responses transferred by BALB/c T cell clones specific for TNP or GAT. The suppressive effect of 26.10.2 TsF correlated with targeting on DNP-major histocompatibility complex determinants associated with the DTH T cell (T(DH)) targets. 26.10.2 TsF-mediated suppression was most pronounced after exposure of dD1.9 target cells to antigen (after the stimulation phase of the T cell clone maintenance procedure), and greatly reduced when dD1.9 was cultured for long periods in the absence of DNP (after the rest phase of clone maintenance). In additional support of this hypothesis, GAT-specific T(DH), normally resistant to 26.10.2 TsF-mediated suppression, were rendered susceptible to suppression after surface DNPylation. The results demonstrate a direct, antigen-specific, effector phase regulatory effect of a monoclonal TsF on a cloned, antigen-specific T cell target, and strongly suggest that suppression is mediated via targeting on DNP determinants associated with the T(DH) target. Simplification of complex Ts circuitry operating in suppression of the efferent limb of DTH by the use of monoclonal TsF and cloned T cell targets should provide a basis for the future study of the molecular mechanisms of immune suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1571-1578
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume136
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1986

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