Multiple myeloma (MM) accounts for 10% of hematological malignant disorders. Its refractory nature indicates the necessity of developing novel therapeutic modalities. Since interleukin 6 (IL-6) is one of the major growth factors for MM cells, we expressed suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1), one of the blockades of IL-6 receptor downstream signaling, to suppress the proliferation of MM cells. Because MM cells are resistant to conventional adenoviral vector infection, we utilized infectivity-enhanced adenoviral vectors with an RGD4C motif in the adenoviral fiber-knob region (RGD-modified vector). In infectivity analysis, RGD-modified vectors were superior to unmodified controls in the majority of the MM cell lines tested. The overexpression of SOCS-1 using infectivity-enhanced adenoviral vectors achieved growth suppression in IL-6-dependent MM cells, but not in the IL-6-independent cells. IL-6-induced STAT3 phosphorylation was suppressed in IL-6-dependent cells, indicating that the signal transduction cascade of the IL-6 receptor signaling was blocked. In aggregate, SOCS-1 overexpression with RGD-modified adenoviral vectors achieved the antiproliferative effect in IL-6-dependent MM cells. These results provide an initial proof-of-principle of the anticancer effect of SOCS-1 expression vector as well as a promise for the future development of therapeutic modality for MM based on this vector.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Research Grant Program for Multiple Myeloma to Masato Yamamoto, and by a Grant-in-Aid of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan to Norihiro Nihsimoto. We thank Dr Victor Krasnykh for providing the Ad backbone plasmid for infectivity-enhanced vectors, and Dr Kazuyuki Yoshizaki and Long Le for excellent advice.
- Adenoviral vector
- Infectivity enhancement