Gene induction by retinoic acid (RA) is suppressed by overexpression of receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140). RIP140-mediated suppression was reversed most effectively by overexpressing the coactivator p300/CREB-binding protein-associated factor (P/CAF). Immunoprecipitation demonstrated coexistence of holoreceptors complexed with RIP140 or P/CAF. Chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed rapid RA-enhanced recruitment of RIP140, but delayed P/CAF recruitment, to an RA-targeted promoter in COS-1 cells supplemented with RIP140. In RA-induced P19 cells, endogenous RIP140 was rapidly (within 4 h) and significantly recruited to both the RARβ2 and TR2 genes, whereas the peak of endogenous P/CAF recruitment occurred much later (48 h) and to a lesser degree. Consistent with these observations, significant histone acetylation of endogenous RA receptor (RAR) targets was only observed 48 h following RA treatment. In vitro experiments confirmed RA-induced transcription from a chromatin template, which was reduced by adding RIP140. This study presents evidence for coexistence of multiple RAR-coregulator complexes and a preferential RA-induced recruitment of RIP140 to endogenous RAR-targeted promoters after short term RA treatment, which correlates with suppressed induction of RA-regulated gene expression in the presence of RIP140.