Suppression of Excited States Relative to the Ground State in Pb-Pb Collisions at s NN=5.02 TeV

CMS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relative yields of mesons produced in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV and reconstructed via the dimuon decay channel are measured using data collected by the CMS experiment. Double ratios are formed by comparing the yields of the excited states, (2S) and (3S), to the ground state, (1S), in both Pb-Pb and pp collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. The double ratios, [(nS)/(1S)]Pb-Pb/[(nS)/(1S)]pp, are measured to be 0.308±0.055(stat)±0.019(syst) for the (2S) and less than 0.26 at 95% confidence level for the (3S). No significant (3S) signal is found in the Pb-Pb data. The double ratios are studied as a function of collision centrality, as well as transverse momentum and rapidity. No significant dependencies are observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142301
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume120
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: BMWFW and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); SENESCYT (Ecuador); MoER, ERC IUT, and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NIH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); MSIP and NRF (Republic of Korea); LAS (Lithuania); MOE and UM (Malaysia); BUAP, CINVESTAV, CONACYT, LNS, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON, RosAtom, RAS, RFBR and RAEP (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI, CPAN, PCTI and FEDER (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); MST (Taipei); ThEPCenter, IPST, STAR, and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU and SFFR (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA).

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