Suppression of ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) quarkonium states in PbPb collisions at sNN=2.76TeV

V. Khachatryan, A. M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, E. Asilar, T. Bergauer, J. Brandstetter, E. Brondolin, M. Dragicevic, J. Erö, M. Flechl, M. Friedl, R. Frühwirth, V. M. Ghete, C. Hartl, N. Hörmann, J. Hrubec, M. Jeitler, A. König, I. KrätschmerD. Liko, T. Matsushita, I. Mikulec, D. Rabady, N. Rad, B. Rahbaran, H. Rohringer, J. Schieck, J. Strauss, W. Waltenberger, C. E. Wulz, O. Dvornikov, V. Makarenko, V. Zykunov, V. Mossolov, N. Shumeiko, J. Suarez Gonzalez, S. Alderweireldt, E. A. De Wolf, X. Janssen, J. Lauwers, M. Van De Klundert, H. Van Haevermaet, P. Van Mechelen, R. M. Chatterjee, Y. Kubota, J. Mans, S. Nourbakhsh, N. Ruckstuhl, R. Rusack, The CMS Collaboration

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Abstract

The production yields of ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) quarkonium states are measured through their decays into muon pairs in the CMS detector, in PbPb and pp collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 TeV. The data correspond to integrated luminosities of 166μb−1 and 5.4pb−1 for PbPb and pp collisions, respectively. Differential production cross sections are reported as functions of ϒ rapidity y up to 2.4, and transverse momentum pT up to 20GeV/c. A strong centrality-dependent suppression is observed in PbPb relative to pp collisions, by factors of up to ≈2 and 8, for the ϒ(1S) and ϒ(2S) states, respectively. No significant dependence of this suppression is observed as a function of y or pT. The ϒ(3S) state is not observed in PbPb collisions, which corresponds to a suppression for the centrality-integrated data by at least a factor of ≈7 at a 95% confidence level. The observed suppression is in agreement with theoretical scenarios modeling the sequential melting of quarkonium states in a quark gluon plasma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-379
Number of pages23
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume770
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2017

Keywords

  • Bottomonia
  • CMS
  • Dimuons
  • Heavy ions
  • Physics

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    Khachatryan, V., Sirunyan, A. M., Tumasyan, A., Adam, W., Asilar, E., Bergauer, T., Brandstetter, J., Brondolin, E., Dragicevic, M., Erö, J., Flechl, M., Friedl, M., Frühwirth, R., Ghete, V. M., Hartl, C., Hörmann, N., Hrubec, J., Jeitler, M., König, A., ... The CMS Collaboration (2017). Suppression of ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) quarkonium states in PbPb collisions at sNN=2.76TeV. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 770, 357-379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.04.031