Superstring-inspired particle cosmology: Inflation, neutrino masses, leptogenesis, dark matter & the SUSY scale

John Ellis, Marcos A.G. Garcia, Natsumi Nagata, Dimitri V. Nanopoulos, Keith A. Olive

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Abstract

We develop a string-inspired model for particle cosmology, based on a flipped SU(5)×U(1) gauge group formulated in a no-scale supergravity framework. The model realizes Starobinsky-like inflation, which we assume to be followed by strong reheating, with the GUT symmetry being broken subsequently by a light 'flaton' field whose decay generates a second stage of reheating. We discuss the production of gravitinos and the non-thermal contribution made by their decays to the density of cold dark matter, which is assumed to be provided by the lightest neutralino. We also discuss the masses of light and heavy neutrinos and leptogenesis. As discussed previously [1], a key rôle is played by a superpotential coupling between the inflaton, matter and GUT Higgs fields, called λ6. We scan over possible values of λ6, exploring the correlations between the possible values of observables. We emphasize that the release of entropy during the GUT transition allows large regions of supersymmetry-breaking parameter space that would otherwise lead to severe overdensity of dark matter. Furthermore, we find that the Big Bang nucleosynthesis lower limit on the reheating temperature of ~ 1 MeV restricts the supersymmetry-breaking scale to a range O(10) TeV that is consistent with the absence of supersymmetric particles at the LHC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2020
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work of J.E. was supported partly by the United Kingdom STFC Grant ST/P000258/1 and partly by the Estonian Research Council via a Mobilitas Pluss grant. The work of M.A.G.G. was supported by the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigaci?n through the grants FPA2015-65929-P (MINECO/FEDER, UE), PGC2018095161-B-I00, IFT Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa SEV-2016-0597, and Red Consolider MultiDark FPA2017-90566-REDC. The work of N.N. was supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists B (No.17K14270) and Innovative Areas (No.18H05542). The work of D.V.N. was supported partly by the DOE grant DE-FG02-13ER42020 and partly by the Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation. The work of K.A.O. was supported partly by the DOE grant DE-SC0011842 at the University of Minnesota and acknowledges support by the Director, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics of the U.S. Department of Energy under the Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. K.A.O. would also like to thank the Department of Physics and the high energy theory group at the University of California, Berkeley as well as the theory group at LBNL for their hospitality and financial support while finishing this work.

Keywords

  • Cosmology of theories beyond the SM
  • Leptogenesis
  • Particle physics - cosmology connection
  • Supersymmetry and cosmology

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