Supernova 2017eaw: Molecule and Dust Formation from Infrared Observations

Samaporn Tinyanont, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Kelsie Krafton, Ryan Lau, Jeonghee Rho, Douglas C. Leonard, Kishalay De, Jacob Jencson, Dimitri Mawet, Maxwell Millar-Blanchaer, Ricky Nilsson, Lin Yan, Robert D. Gehrz, George Helou, Schuyler D. Van Dyk, Eugene Serabyn, Ori D. Fox, Geoffrey Clayton

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Abstract

We present infrared (IR) photometry and spectroscopy of the Type II-P SN 2017eaw and its progenitor in the nearby galaxy NGC 6946. Progenitor observations in the Ks band in four epochs from 1 yr to 1 day before the explosion reveal no significant variability in the progenitor star greater than 6% that lasts longer than 200 days. SN 2017eaw is a typical SN II-P with near-IR and mid-IR photometric evolution similar to those of SNe 2002hh and 2004et, other normal SNe II-P in the same galaxy. Spectroscopic monitoring during the plateau phase reveals a possible high-velocity He i 1.083 μm absorption line, indicative of a shock interaction with the circumstellar medium. Spectra between 389 and 480 days postexplosion reveal a strong CO first overtone emission at 389 days, with a line profile matching that of SN 1987A from the same epoch, indicating ∼10 -3 M o of CO at 1800 K. From the 389 days epoch until the most recent observation at 566 days, the first overtone feature fades while the 4.5 μm excess, likely from the CO fundamental band, remains. This behavior indicates that the CO has not been destroyed, but that the gas has cooled enough that the levels responsible for first overtone emissions are no longer populated. Finally, the evolution of Spitzer 3.6 μm photometry shows evidence for dust formation in SN 2017eaw, with a dust mass of 10 -6 or 10 -4 M o assuming carbonaceous or silicate grains, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume873
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2019

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • supernovae: individual (SN2017eaw)

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    Tinyanont, S., Kasliwal, M. M., Krafton, K., Lau, R., Rho, J., Leonard, D. C., De, K., Jencson, J., Mawet, D., Millar-Blanchaer, M., Nilsson, R., Yan, L., Gehrz, R. D., Helou, G., Van Dyk, S. D., Serabyn, E., Fox, O. D., & Clayton, G. (2019). Supernova 2017eaw: Molecule and Dust Formation from Infrared Observations. Astrophysical Journal, 873(2), [127]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab0897