Alerts presented through the auditory modality improve drivers’ crash avoidance performance in driving simulations, but drivers’ ability to accurately localise the source of the auditory alerts is understudied. Because the results of driving simulation studies may hinge on assumptions that sound locations are accurately perceived by drivers, this study used a sound localisation task in a full-chassis driving simulator. Twenty-nine participants engaged in a sound localisation task while seated in the driving simulator. Performance was assessed by sound localisation accuracy, relative directional error, and participant confidence across seven sound sources surrounding the simulator. Performance was best when sounds were presented in left and right cardinal regions, and poorest when presented from the front and rear. Participants were less confident in their localisation judgments when sounds were presented from the rear. Practitioner summary: Drivers’ ability to accurately localise auditory alerts is understudied. Participants performed an auditory localisation task with external sounds while seated in a full-chassis driving simulator. Participants were better detecting sounds from the sides instead of the front and rear. This has implications for external auditory alarms during driving. Abbreviations: ANOVA: analysis of variance; dB: decibel; f: frequency; Hz: hertz; LHD: left hand drive; ms: milliseconds; RTI: realtime technologies; s: seconds; SPL: sound pressure level.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
It is funded by National Science Foundation Partnerships for Innovation: Building Innovation Capacity Award No: 1631133.
- ergonomics tools and methods
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article