Superior catalytic properties in aerobic oxidation of olefins over Au nanoparticles on pyrrolidone-modified SBA-15

Liang Wang, Hong Wang, Prokop Hapala, Longfeng Zhu, Limin Ren, Xiangju Meng, James P. Lewis, Feng Shou Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on our systematic investigation of Au nanoparticles highly dispersed in the mesopores of (s)-(-)-2-pyrrolidinone-5-carboxylic acid (Py)-modified SBA-15 (Au/SBA-15-Py) by using a series of modern techniques. 13C NMR and IR spectroscopies indicate that Py species are successfully grafted on the surface of mesopores in SBA-15; XRD patterns and N2 adsorption isotherms show that the sample mesostructures are well preserved; TEM images clearly confirm the uniform Au nanoparticles in the mesopores; and XPS suggests an interaction between Au nanoparticles with Py species. Interestingly, Au/SBA-15-Py catalysts always exhibit superior catalytic properties in the oxidation of cyclohexene and styrene by molecular oxygen at atmospheric pressure, compared with the pyrrolidone-free SBA-15 supported Au catalyst (Au/SBA-15-N). This phenomenon is reasonably related to the interaction between Au nanoparticles with Py species, which is consistent with results analyzed from our density-functional theory (DFT) calculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-39
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume281
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

Keywords

  • Au nanoparticles
  • Cyclohexene and styrene oxidation by molecular oxygen
  • Pyrrolidone

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