Superconductor-insulator transition in the presence of Coulomb disorder

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Superconductor-insulator transition driven by the decreasing concentration of electrons n is studied in the case of the disorder potential created by randomly positioned charged impurities. Electrons and Cooper pairs (formed by a non-Coulomb attraction) nonlinearly screen the random potential of impurities. Both electrons and Cooper pairs can be delocalized or localized in the resulting self-consistent potential. The border separating the superconductor and insulator phases in the plane of the concentration of electrons and the length of the Cooper pair is found. For a strong disorder, the central segment of this border follows the Bose-Einstein-Condensation-BCS crossover line defined for a clean sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number224511
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number22
StatePublished - Dec 12 2007


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