Superconductivity near a nematic quantum critical point: Interplay between hot and lukewarm regions

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Abstract

We present a strong-coupling dynamical theory of the superconducting transition in a metal near a quantum-critical point toward Q=0 nematic order. We use a fermion-boson model, in which we treat the ratio of effective boson-fermion coupling and the Fermi energy as a small parameter λ. We solve, both analytically and numerically, the linearized Eliashberg equation. Our solution takes into account both strong fluctuations at small momentum transfers ∼λkF and weaker fluctuations at large momentum transfers. The strong fluctuations determine Tc, which is of order λ2EF for both s- and d-wave pairing. The weaker fluctuations determine the angular structure of the superconducting order parameter F(θk) along the Fermi surface, separating between hot and lukewarm regions. In the hot regions F(θk) is largest and approximately constant. Beyond the hot region, whose width is θh∼λ1/3, F(θk) drops by a factor λ4/3. The s- and d-wave states are not degenerate but the relative difference (Tcs-Tcd)/Tcs∼λ2 is small.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number220501
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments. We thank E. Berg, R. Fernandes, S. Kivelson, M. N. Gastiasoro, S. Lederer, and Y. Schattner for stimulating discussions. This work was supported by the NSF DMR-1523036. We acknowledge the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute at the University of Minnesota for providing resources that assisted with this work.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Physical Society.

Copyright:
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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