1H NMR study and conformational analysis of a broad series of biologically important C5-substituted 2'-deoxyuridines, including alkyl, halogen, vinyl, hydroxymethyl, and hydroxy derivatives as well as nitro, formyl, trifluoromethyl, and dimethylamino substituents, is presented. A thorough analysis of chemical shifts in correlation with C5-substituent electronegativity as well as calculations by SCF semi-empirical method of the formal charge localized on C6 carbon is discussed in terms of charge distribution for electron attracting and electron donating groups. Conformation of the sugar ring is determined from proton-proton coupling constants and described in terms of pseudorotation between two main puckering domains C2'endo (S) and C3'endo (N). Generally, electron donating groups destabilise the N conformation, simultaneously decreasing the mean pseudorotation amplitude. Absolute assignments of the H5' and H5″ methylene protons in 1H NMR spectra permitted the unequivocal determination of molar fractions of the three classical exocyclic C4'-C5' rotamers gauche+, trans, and gauche-, and correlation of them with the sugar ring puckering domains. Conformation about the glycosidic bond is described in terms of equilibrium between two conformational regions, anti and syn. Finally, the role of the C5-substituent in the creation of cytotoxic activity is considered on the basis of a simplified model assuming that compound activity is a function of substituent polar surface, its molecular volume, and its molecule polarity defined at the relative partition of the polar atoms. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - May 27 2000|