The cellular retinol binding proteins, CRBP and CRBP II, are implicated in the cellular uptake of retinol and intracellular trafficking of retinol between sites of metabolic processing. 19F-NMR studies of retinol transfer between CRBP and CRBP II and phospholipid vesicles, using either fluorine-labeled ligand or protein, demonstrated that there was significantly more transfer of retinol from CRBP II to lipid vesicles than from CRBP. Differences in how readily protein-bound retinol is released to lipid bilayers may lead to differences in how these two proteins modulate intracellular retinol metabolism.
- Cellular retinol binding protein
- Cellular retinol binding protein II