15N and 13C- SOFAST-HMQC editing enhances 3D-NOESY sensitivity in highly deuterated, selectively [1H,13C]-labeled proteins

Paolo Rossi, Youlin Xia, Nandish Khanra, Gianluigi Veglia, Charalampos G. Kalodimos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The ongoing NMR method development effort strives for high quality multidimensional data with reduced collection time. Here, we apply ‘SOFAST-HMQC’ to frequency editing in 3D NOESY experiments and demonstrate the sensitivity benefits using highly deuterated and 15N, methyl labeled samples in H2O. The experiments benefit from a combination of selective T1 relaxation (or L-optimized effect), from Ernst angle optimization and, in certain types of experiments, from using the mixing time for both NOE buildup and magnetization recovery. This effect enhances sensitivity by up to 2.4× at fast pulsing versus reference HMQC sequences of same overall length and water suppression characteristics. Representative experiments designed to address interesting protein NMR challenges are detailed. Editing capabilities are exploited with heteronuclear 15N,13C-edited, or with diagonal-free 13C aromatic/methyl-resolved 3D-SOFAST-HMQC–NOESY–HMQC. The latter experiment is used here to elucidate the methyl-aromatic NOE network in the hydrophobic core of the 19 kDa FliT-FliJ flagellar protein complex. Incorporation of fast pulsing to reference experiments such as 3D-NOESY–HMQC boosts digital resolution, simplifies the process of NOE assignment and helps to automate protein structure determination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-271
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of biomolecular NMR
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is financially supported by the NIH grants AI094623 and AI121858 to C.G.K. and by Minnesota NMR Center (MNMR).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


  • Fast pulsing data collection
  • Liquid state NMR


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