Sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome in western Canada: 93 cases

Marina L. Leis, Danica Lucyshyn, Bianca S. Bauer, Bruce H. Grahn, Lynne S. Sandmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study reviewed clinical data from dogs diagnosed with sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) in western Canada. Medical records from the Western College of Veterinary Medicine from 2002 to 2016 showed that 93 cases of SARDS were diagnosed based on presentation for sudden blindness and a bilaterally extinguished electroretinogram. The most common pure breeds were the miniature schnauzer, dachshund, and pug. The mean age at diagnosis was 8.1 years and males and females were equally affected. Most of the dogs were presented with normal non-chromatic, but abnormal chromatic pupillary light reflexes. The incidence of retinal degeneration as detected via ophthalmoscopy increased over time after SARDS diagnosis. Polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight gain, elevated liver enzyme values, isosthenuria, and proteinuria were common clinical and laboratory findings. Chromatic pupillary light reflex testing may be more valuable than non-chromatic pupillary light testing in detecting pupil response abnormalities in dogs with SARDS, although electroretinography remains the definitive diagnostic test.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1195-1199
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Veterinary Journal
Volume58
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017

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