Substance use outcomes for mindfulness based relapse prevention are partially mediated by reductions in stress: Results from a randomized trial

Jordan P. Davis, Daniel Berry, Tara M. Dumas, Ellen Ritter, Douglas C. Smith, Christopher Menard, Brent W. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Mindfulness based relapse prevention (MBRP) has demonstrated efficacy in alleviating substance use, stress, and craving but how MBRP works for marginalized young adults has not been investigated. The current study used a novel rolling group format for MBRP as an additional intervention for young adults in residential treatment. We tested the hypothesis that MBRP (plus Treatment as usual (TAU)) would reduce stress, craving, and substance use among young adults in residential treatment relative to treatment-as-usual plus 12-step/self-help meetings (TAU only). Further, we examined whether reduced stress during treatment was a potential mechanism of change operating in MBRP. Method: Seventy-nine young adults (Mage = 25.3, SD = 2.7; 35 % female) were randomly assigned to MBRP (n = 44) or TAU (n = 35). Follow-up assessments were conducted bi-monthly for self-reported measures of stress, craving, and substance use. Results: At treatment completion young adults receiving MBRP had lower substance use (d = −0.58, [−0.91, −0.26]), craving (d = −0.58, [−1.0, −0.14]), and stress (d = −0.77 [−1.2, −0.30]) relative to TAU condition. Reduced stress during treatment partially mediated observed outcome differences between MBRP and TAU for substance use (βindirect = −0.45 [−0.79, −0.11]). Conclusions: Results suggest that MBRP is a useful and appropriate intervention for marginalized young adults. Further, our results suggest that the effects of MBRP on long-term substance use outcomes may be partially explained by reduced stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (Grant num.: 1R36DA041538; PI: Davis), the Fahs-Beck Fund for Research and Experimentation (PI: Davis) (082876), and the Campus Research Board (Grant num.: RB15434; PI: Roberts) for funding the current study. We want to thank our research assistants Emily Hartung and Samantha Wells for their help with data collection and data entry.

Funding Information:
We are grateful to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (Grant num.: 1R36DA041538 ; PI: Davis), the Fahs-Beck Fund for Research and Experimentation (PI: Davis) ( 082876 ), and the Campus Research Board (Grant num.: RB15434 ; PI: Roberts) for funding the current study. We want to thank our research assistants Emily Hartung and Samantha Wells for their help with data collection and data entry.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Drug use
  • Emerging adult
  • Heroin
  • Intervention
  • Mindfulness
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Stress
  • Substance use treatment

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