Substance P (SP) is a modulatory, pro-inflammatory neuropeptide. We investigated the role of the SP receptor, neurokinin-1 (NK-1), in EAE. Our data show that in the chronic phase, mice lacking NK-1 have improved mobility and decreased numbers of LFA-1 high CD4+ T cells and MOG-specific, IFN-γ producing CD4+ T cells. SR140333, an NK-1 antagonist, administered alone during the chronic phase of EAE was not sufficient to ameliorate symptoms. These results indicate that SP, through NK-1, contributes to maintenance of CNS inflammation, and combining NK-1 antagonists with conventional anti-inflammatory treatments may enhance the success of treatments for diseases like multiple sclerosis.
- Substance P