Sub-200ps spin transfer torque switching in in-plane magnetic tunnel junctions with interface perpendicular anisotropy

Hui Zhao, Brian Glass, Pedram Khalili Amiri, Andrew Lyle, Yisong Zhang, Yu Jin Chen, Graham Rowlands, Pramey Upadhyaya, Zhongming Zeng, J. A. Katine, Juergen Langer, Kosmas Galatsis, Hongwen Jiang, Kang L. Wang, Ilya N. Krivorotov, Jian Ping Wang

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Abstract

Ultrafast spin transfer torque (STT) switching in an in-plane MgO magnetic tunnel junction with 50nm×150nm elliptical shape was demonstrated in this paper. Switching speeds as short as 165ps and 190ps at 50% and 98% switching probabilities, respectively, were observed without external field assistance in a thermally stable junction with a 101% tunnelling magnetoresistance ratio. The minimum writing energy of P-AP switching for 50% and 98% switching probability are 0.16pJ and 0.21pJ, respectively. The observed ultrafast switching is believed to occur because of partially cancelled out-of-plane demagnetizing field in the free layer from interface perpendicular anisotropy between the MgO layer and the Co 20Fe 60B 20 layer. High J/J c0 ratio and magnetization nucleation at the edge of free layer, which result from the reduced perpendicular demagnetizing field, are possibly two major factors that contribute to the ultrafast STT switching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025001
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 18 2012

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    Zhao, H., Glass, B., Amiri, P. K., Lyle, A., Zhang, Y., Chen, Y. J., Rowlands, G., Upadhyaya, P., Zeng, Z., Katine, J. A., Langer, J., Galatsis, K., Jiang, H., Wang, K. L., Krivorotov, I. N., & Wang, J. P. (2012). Sub-200ps spin transfer torque switching in in-plane magnetic tunnel junctions with interface perpendicular anisotropy. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 45(2), [025001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/45/2/025001