Styrene and isoprene friction factors in styrene-isoprene matrices

Jodi M. Milhaupt, Bryan R. Chapman, Timothy P. Lodge, Steven D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Monomeric friction factors, ζ, for polystyrene (PS), polyisoprene (PI), and a polystyrene-polyisoprene (SI) diblock copolymer have been determined as a function of temperature in four poly(styrene-b-isoprene-b-styrene-b-isoprene) tetrablock copolymer matrices. The Rouse model has been used to calculate the friction factors from tracer diffusion coefficients measured by forced Rayleigh scattering. Within the experimental temperature range the tetrablock copolymers are disordered, allowing for measurement of the diffusion coefficient in matrices with average compositions determined by the tetrablock copolymers (23, 42, 60, and 80% styrene by volume). Remarkably, for a given matrix composition the styrene and isoprene friction factors are essentially equivalent. Furthermore, at a constant interval from the system glass transition temperature, Tg, all of the friction factors (obtained from homopolymer, diblock copolymer, and tetrablock copolymer dynamics) agree to within an order of magnitude. This is in marked contrast to results for miscible polymer blends, where the individual components generally have distinct composition dependences and magnitudes at constant T - Tg. The homopolymer friction factors in the tetrablock matrices were systematically slightly higher than those of the diblock, which in turn were slightly higher than those of the homopolymers in their respective melts, when all compared at constant T - Tg. This is attributed to the local spatial distribution of styrene and isoprene segments in the tetrablocks, which presents a nonuniform free energy surface to the tracer molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3079-3086
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume36
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

Keywords

  • Block copolymer
  • Diffusion
  • Monomeric friction factor

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