Studying the heavy-ion fusion reactions at stellar energies using Time Projection Chamber

Z. C. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, T. L. Pu, C. G. Lu, N. T. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, L. M. Duan, B. S. Gao, J. Gao, R. J. Hu, E. Q. Liu, K. A. Li, Q. T. Li, Y. T. Li, B. F. Lv, H. Y. Ma, J. B. Ma, H. J. Ong, Y. Qian, L. H. RuL. T. Sun, X. D. Tang, J. Y. Xu, X. D. Xu, Y. Yang, Y. H. Zhai, H. Y. Zhao, H. W. Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Heavy-ion fusion reactions, such as 12C+12C, play crucial roles in stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis in massive stars. However, limited by the low cross section and large background, it is very challenging to study the reactions at stellar energies. We have developed a 1024-channel prototype TPC named MATE (Multi-purpose time projection chamber for nuclear AsTrophysical and Exotic beam experiments) to study these reactions at stellar energies. The design of our prototype TPC and its performance are described, and the preliminary results of a commissioning experiment for measuring the 12C(12C, α0)20Ne reaction at Ecm = 3.0 MeV are presented. Perspectives of future experiments for the 12C+12C fusion cross section measurement are also provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number165740
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
StatePublished - Nov 11 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDB34020200 ), National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFA0400501 ), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1632142 , 11675238 , 11490564 , 11905260 , 11427904 ), and the Western Light Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Background
  • C+C
  • Gas Electron Multiplier
  • Heavy-ion fusion reactions
  • Time Projection Chamber
  • Tracking


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