Study of the potential involvement of pseudorabies virus in swine respiratory disease.

G. J. Iglesias, M. Trujano, J. Lokensgard, T. Molitor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to investigate the potential involvement of pseudorabies virus (PRV) in swine respiratory disease, nine week old pigs were intranasally inoculated with the PRV strain 4892. Two doses of infection were used: 10(4.5) median tissue culture infectious doses (TCID50)/pig and 10(3.5) TCID50/pig, with ten pigs per group. In the group of pigs inoculated with 10(4.5) TCID50, seven out of ten pigs died within six days after inoculation. The mortality rate in the group of pigs inoculated with the lower dose was only two out of ten and, there were several pigs in this group that showed signs of respiratory distress besides some mild nervous signs. Pseudorabies virus was isolated from various tissues collected postmortem, including alveolar macrophages. Virus localization in tissues was also detected by in situ hybridization. The histopathological examination of the respiratory tract tissues revealed a pathological process that was progressing from mild pneumonia to severe suppurative bronchopneumonia. The isolation of virus from alveolar macrophages provides support to the hypothesis that replication of PRV during the course of infection produces an impairment of the defense mechanisms in the respiratory tract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-77
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche veterinaire
Volume56
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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