Study of quasielastic scattering using charged-current νμ -iron interactions in the MINOS near detector

P. Adamson, I. Anghel, A. Aurisano, G. Barr, M. Bishai, A. Blake, G. J. Bock, D. Bogert, S. V. Cao, C. M. Castromonte, S. Childress, J. A B Coelho, L. Corwin, D. Cronin-Hennessy, J. K. De Jong, A. V. Devan, N. E. Devenish, M. V. Diwan, C. O. Escobar, J. J. EvansE. Falk, G. J. Feldman, M. V. Frohne, H. R. Gallagher, R. A. Gomes, M. C. Goodman, P. Gouffon, N. Graf, R. Gran, K. Grzelak, A. Habig, S. R. Hahn, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, A. Holin, J. Huang, J. Hylen, G. M. Irwin, Z. Isvan, C. James, D. Jensen, T. Kafka, S. M S Kasahara, G. Koizumi, M. Kordosky, A. Kreymer, K. Lang, J. Ling, P. J. Litchfield, P. Lucas, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, N. Mayer, C. McGivern, M. M. Medeiros, R. Mehdiyev, J. R. Meier, M. D. Messier, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, S. Moed Sher, C. D. Moore, L. Mualem, J. Musser, D. Naples, J. K. Nelson, H. B. Newman, R. J. Nichol, J. A. Nowak, J. O'Connor, M. Orchanian, R. B. Pahlka, J. Paley, R. B. Patterson, G. Pawloski, A. Perch, M. Pfützner, S. Phan-Budd, R. K. Plunkett, N. Poonthottathil, X. Qiu, A. Radovic, B. Rebel, C. Rosenfeld, H. A. Rubin, M. C. Sanchez, J. Schneps, A. Schreckenberger, P. Schreiner, R. Sharma, A. Sousa, N. Tagg, R. L. Talaga, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, X. Tian, A. Timmons, S. C. Tognini, R. Toner, D. Torretta, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, B. Viren, J. J. Walding, A. Weber, R. C. Webb, C. White, L. Whitehead, L. H. Whitehead, S. G. Wojcicki, R. Zwaska

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Abstract

Kinematic distributions from an inclusive sample of 1.41×106 charged-current νμ interactions on iron, obtained using the MINOS near detector exposed to a wide-band beam with peak flux at 3 GeV, are compared to a conventional treatment of neutrino scattering within a Fermi gas nucleus. Results are used to guide the selection of a subsample enriched in quasielastic νμFe interactions, containing an estimated 123,000 quasielastic events of incident energies 1<Eν<8GeV, with 〈Eν〉=2.79GeV. Four additional subsamples representing topological and kinematic sideband regions to quasielastic scattering are also selected for the purpose of evaluating backgrounds. Comparisons using subsample distributions in four-momentum transfer Q2 show the Monte Carlo model to be inadequate at low Q2. Its shortcomings are remedied via inclusion of a Q2-dependent suppression function for baryon resonance production, developed from the data. A chi-square fit of the resulting Monte Carlo simulation to the shape of the Q2 distribution for the quasielastic-enriched sample is carried out with the axial-vector mass MA of the dipole axial-vector form factor of the neutron as a free parameter. The effective MA which best describes the data is 1.23-0.09+0.13(fit)-0.15+0.12(syst)GeV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012005
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2015

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Adamson, P., Anghel, I., Aurisano, A., Barr, G., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bock, G. J., Bogert, D., Cao, S. V., Castromonte, C. M., Childress, S., Coelho, J. A. B., Corwin, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., De Jong, J. K., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Escobar, C. O., ... Zwaska, R. (2015). Study of quasielastic scattering using charged-current νμ -iron interactions in the MINOS near detector. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 91(1), [012005]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.91.012005