The mixed-convection flow from a hot vertical impinging jet on a colder horizontal disc has been studied. The geometry is analogous to a conventional burning gas cooktop. A numerical simulation of the system has been carried out using the finite-element method to study the dependence of fluid flow and heat transfer on the geometric, thermal, and fluid flow parameters. Results show that heat transfer efficiency versus several parameters such as inlet velocity magnitude and flue gas temperature has an optimum value, in which heat transfer efficiency is maximum. With thermal conductivity of the solid wall, velocity angle, and solid wall diameter heat transfer efficiency has increasing behavior. Finally, with solid wall height and solid wall thickness, heat transfer efficiency has diminishing behavior.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Received 31 October 2003; accepted 2 March 2004. The present work has been conducted as a part of a project funded by IFCO, Iran. Address correspondence to S. K. Hannani, School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org