Study of e+e- →π+π-π0ηc and evidence for Zc (3900)± decaying into ρ±ηc STUDY of e+e- →π+π-π0ηc ... M. ABLIKIM et al.

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Zhuang, B. S. Zou, J. H. Zou

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Abstract

We study the reaction e+e-→π+π-π0ηc for the first time using data samples collected with the BESIII detector at center-of-mass energies s=4.226, 4.258, 4.358, 4.416, and 4.600 GeV. Evidence of this process is found and the Born cross section σB(e+e-→π+π-π0ηc), excluding e+e-→ωηc and ηηc, is measured to be (46-11+12±10) pb at s=4.226 GeV. Evidence for the decay Zc(3900)±→ρ±ηc is reported at s=4.226 GeV with a significance of 3.9σ, including systematic uncertainties, and the Born cross section times branching fraction σB(e+e-→π Zc(3900)±)×B(Zc(3900)±→ρ±ηc) is measured to be (48±11±11) pb, which indicates that e+e-→π Zc(3900)±→πρ±ηc dominates the e+e-→π+π-π0ηc process. The Zc(3900)±→ρ±ηc signal is not significant at the other center-of-mass energies and the corresponding upper limits are determined. In addition, no significant signal is observed in a search for Zc(4020)±→ρ±ηc with the same data samples. The ratios RZc(3900)=B(Zc(3900)±→ρ±ηc)/B(Zc(3900)±→π±J/ψ) and RZc(4020)=B(Zc(4020)±→ρ±ηc)/B(Zc(4020)±→π±hc) are obtained and compared with different theoretical interpretations of the Zc(3900)± and Zc(4020)±.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111102
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume100
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 24 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The BESIII collaboration thanks the staff of BEPCII and the IHEP computing center for their strong support. This work is supported in part by National Key Basic Research Program of China under Contract No. 2015CB856700; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Contracts No. 11335008, No. 11425524, No. 11625523, No. 11635010, No. 11735014, and No. 11575198; the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Large-Scale Scientific Facility Program; the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics (CCEPP); Joint Large-Scale Scientific Facility Funds of the NSFC and CAS under Contracts No. U1532257, No. U1532258, and No. U1732263; CAS Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences under Contracts No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH003 and No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH040; 100 Talents Program of CAS; INPAC and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology; German Research Foundation DFG under Contracts Nos. Collaborative Research Center CRC 1044 and No. FOR 2359; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy; Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW) under Contract No. 530-4CDP03; Ministry of Development of Turkey under Contract No. DPT2006K-120470; National Science and Technology fund; The Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (Sweden) under Contract No. 2016.0157; The Swedish Research Council; U.S. Department of Energy under Contracts No. DE-FG02-05ER41374, No. DE-SC-0010118, and No. DE-SC-0012069; University of Groningen (RuG) and the Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH (GSI), Darmstadt.

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© 2019 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

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