Study of Ebola Virus Disease Survivors in Guinea

Adnan I. Qureshi, Morad Chughtai, Tokpagnan Oscar Loua, Jean Pe Kolie, Hadja Fatou Sikhe Camara, Muhammad Fawad Ishfaq, Cheikh Tidane N'Dour, Kezely Beavogui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background.There is a paucity of data regarding health consequences of Ebola virus disease among survivors. Methods.We surveyed 105 Ebola virus disease survivors postdischarge from an Ebola treatment unit in Guinea using a standard data collection form. Patients rated recovery as the percentage of improvement in functional status, where 0% represents "unable to perform" and 100% represents "able to perform at prior level." Results.The mean ± standard deviation time interval between hospital discharge and administration of questionnaire was 103.5 ± 47.9 days in 105 survivors. Anorexia was reported by 103 patients, with varying severity levels: mild (n = 33), moderate (n = 65), or severe (n = 5). Reported pain according to site was chest (30.7%), joint (86.7%), muscle (26.7%), and back (45.7%), among others. Recovery in functional status was graded as mild (10%-30%) (n = 2 [1.9%]), moderate (40%-70%) (n = 52 [50.0%]), and excellent (80%-100%) (n = 50 [48.1%]). Severity of arthralgia (R2 = 0.09; P =. 008) was directly associated with lower recovery in functional status in multivariate analysis. Conclusions.Ebola virus disease survivors frequently reported anorexia and arthralgia. Severity of arthralgia was related to lower functional recovery. There may be a role for focused screening and intervention for symptoms identified in this study of survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1035-1042
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume61
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Ebola virus
  • Ebola virus disease
  • Guinea
  • arthralgia
  • survivors

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