Studies on the molecular mechanism of bioactivation of the selective nigrostriatal toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine

K. Chiba, L. A. Peterson, K. P. Castagnoli, A. J. Trevor

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Abstract

Detailed studies have been carried out on the monoamine oxidase B-catalyzed bioactivation of the nigrostriatal toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) by rat brain mitochondrial preparations. Isolates of incubation mixtures run in H2O and D2O displayed chemical ionization mass spectral characteristics expected for the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyridinium species MPDP+, a proposed intermediate in the biotransformation of MPTP to the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium metabolite (MPP+) previously characterized in both in vitro and in vivo experiments. Further characterization of MPDP+ was achieved by comparison of the diode array UV spectral tracings of the metabolite with synthetic MPDP+ perchlorate (CIO4-) and by the isolation of a cyano adduct from mitochondrial coincubation mixtures of MPTP and sodium cyanide. MPDP+ CIO4- was shown to undergo disproportionation to MPP+ and MPTP, a reaction which suggests that this molecule may participate in redox reactions with dopamine that could lead to neurotoxic oxidation products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-347
Number of pages6
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 6 1985

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