The primary structure of two highly crossreactive human histocompatibility antigens, HLA-A28 and HLA-A2, has been determined to 96% and 90%, respectively, of the papain-solubilized molecules. Their sequences have been compared with the sequence of HLA-B7 and with each other in order to outline the sites of diversity. The overall homology between HLA-B7 and these HLA-A antigens in 86%. A large majority of the differences are located between residues 43 and 195. Within this area, substitutions cluster in at least three segments - residues 65-80, 105-116, and 177-194. HLA-A2 and HLA-A28 show 96% homology. Most of the differences fall within segments 65-74 and 107-116. These results strongly support the suggestion that residues in these segments are integral parts of the alloantigenic determinants of HLA-A28 and HLA-A2. It is further proposed that these three clusters may constitute major, albeit not exclusive, sites of antigenic diversity in human histocompatibility antigens. The nature of the differences among HLA-B7, HLA-A28, and HLA-A2 in the first variable segment suggests that gene conversion might play some role in the generation of HLA polymorphism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||12 I|
|State||Published - 1982|