We previously demonstrated in the Schaffer collateral-CA1 region of the hippocampus that bath-applied agonists could be distinguished from antagonists among a group of acidic amino acid analogues by extracellular recording techniques. Here we report the use of the extracellular signs of agonist activity for discerning agonists and antagonists among several γ-substituted glutamate analogues tested in the perforant path. The two-pathway composition of the perforant path offers the advantage over CA1 in that pathway-specificity, a postulated characteristic of antagonists, may be tested. By extracellular recording, D- and L-homocysteic acid, L-serine-O-sulfate, and L-2-amino-4-(5-tetrazolyl)-butanoic acid [L-glutamate tetrazol] were identified as agonists, and all 4 analogues were more potent than L-glutamate for inhibitng synaptic field potentials. Two previously identified antagonists, L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid and L-O-phosphoserine, exhibited the pathway-specificity and inhibitory kinetics consistent with properties expected for antagonists; both compounds detected 3 perforant path components with the same rank in sensitivity, suggesting that they are acting on the same set of receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Aug 8 1983|
- extracellular recording
- gamma substitution
- glutamate analogues
- perforant path