Structure-antitubercular activity relationship of phenothiazine-type calmodulin antagonists

P. Ratnakar, S. P. Rao, P. Sriramarao, P. S. Murthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Six neuroleptic (antipsychotic) phcnothiazinc derivatives which are calmodulin antagonists were tested for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis IL.R, in order to understand their structure-antitubercular activity relationship. Out of the six derivatives tested (trifluoperazine, chlorpromazine, triflupromazinc, thioridazine, acetopromazine and fluphenazine), trifluoperazine appears to be a more potent antitubercular drug than others with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 5 μg/ml Chlorpromazine. triflupromazine and thioridazine are also active but less potent and have a higher MIC of 20 μg/ml. Acetopromazine and fluphenazine could not completely inhibit the growth even at a high concentration of 20 μg/ml. These results indicate that a methylpiperazinylpropyl group attached to the nitrogen (position 10) atom and trifluoromethvl group at the second carbon confer antitubercular activity to the phcnothiazinc molecule. It is suggested that trifluoperazine or one of its derivatives could be useful as one of the drugs in the multi-drug regimen for the treatment of tuberculosis with psychotic problems or vice versa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Clinical Psychopharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1995


  • Calmodulin antagonists
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Phenothiazine compounds
  • Structure-antitubercular activity
  • Trifluoperazine


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