Structure and thermodynamic properties of the NaMgH3 perovskite: A comprehensive study

Daphiny Pottmaier, Eugenio R. Pinatel, Jenny G. Vitillo, Sebastiano Garroni, Maria Orlova, Maria Dolors Baró, Gavin B.M. Vaughan, Maximilian Fichtner, Wiebke Lohstroh, Marcello Baricco

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Abstract

One of the bottlenecks in the implementation of a hydrogen economy is the development of storage materials that can uptake high content of H2 and release it within a suitable temperature and pressure range. Among the proposed hydride systems, the perovskite NaMgH3 is receiving increasing attention, not only as the Mg ternary based hydride with the highest hydrogen gravimetric (6 wt %) and volumetric density (88 g L-1) but also as a stable hydride likely to be formed in the transformation reactions of mixed hydrides. However, there is a large scatter in the literature for both the structure of the NaMgH3 compound and the thermodynamics of the hydrogenation/dehydrogenation processes. In this paper a critical review of the literature data, supported by a new set of experimental (in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry, pressure composition isotherms) and theoretical data is presented. The influence of ball milling on the microstructure is studied in the NaMgH 3 in comparison to NaH and MgH2. The infrared spectrum of NaMgH3 compound, assigned by calculated and experimental results, is characterized by vibrational regions around 1100 and 600 cm-1. In situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements show the desorption reaction of NaMgH3 into NaH and Mg at about 673 K under 0.2 MPa H2, and the successive reabsorption of NaH and Mg back to NaMgH3 at 623 K under 0.5 MPa H2. From high-pressure differential calorimetry, it was measured a formation enthalpy of 141 kJ/mol f.u for NaMgH3 compound. It was confirmed the possible reaction of NaH with Mg with observation of NaMgH3 formation in 1.0 MPa H2. Finally, this work provides a thermodynamic description of the NaMgH3 phase by a critical assessment of the available information using the CALPHAD approach and the equilibrium pressure-temperature phase diagram is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2317-2326
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2011

Keywords

  • CALPHAD
  • DFT
  • NaMgH
  • high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry
  • hydrogen storage
  • infrared spectroscopy
  • metal hydrides
  • perovskites
  • pressure composition-isotherm
  • synchrotron X-ray diffraction

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    Pottmaier, D., Pinatel, E. R., Vitillo, J. G., Garroni, S., Orlova, M., Baró, M. D., Vaughan, G. B. M., Fichtner, M., Lohstroh, W., & Baricco, M. (2011). Structure and thermodynamic properties of the NaMgH3 perovskite: A comprehensive study. Chemistry of Materials, 23(9), 2317-2326. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm103204p