Structure and dynamics of disordered tetrablock copolymers: composition and temperature dependence of local friction

Bryan R. Chapman, Mark W. Hamersky, Jodi M. Milhaupt, Clayton Kostelecky, Timothy P. Lodge, Ernst D. Von Meerwall, Steven D. Smith

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The structure factor, viscosity, and diffusivity of four (styrene-b-isoprene-b-styrene-b-isoprene) tetrablock copolymers have been examined as functions of temperature (T). The copolymers have styrene compositions (f) of 23, 42, 60, and 80 vol % and total degrees of polymerization ca. 120; polystyrene and polyisoprene homopolymers with similar degrees of polymerization have been used for comparison. Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements in the disordered state are well-described by the appropriate Leibler/RPA structure factors, and extrapolation of the inverse peak intensities to lower T yields estimates of the order-disorder transition temperatures, which are at or below -50 °C. Consequently, over the T range of interest (25-180 °C) and over length scales greater than the chain dimensions, the tetrablocks provide homogeneous matrices containing varying amounts of styrene and isoprene, in which the f and T dependence of segmental friction may be examined. The diffusivity (determined by pulsed-field-gradient NMR and forced Rayleigh scattering) and viscosity provide estimates of the effective monomeric friction factor ζeff(f,T) via the Rouse model; the two dynamic properties yield equivalent values of ζeff. The T dependence of ζeff is well-described by the WLF function, with the f dependence almost entirely contained in the composition dependence of the glass transition temperature (Tg). Thus, when compared at constant T - Tg, ζeff(f) is only slightly larger than ζPS° or ζPI°, in marked contrast to the results for miscible blends such as PS/PVME and PS/PPO. Prediction of ζeff(f,T) on the basis of the homopolymer values alone, i.e., ζPS° (T) and ζPI°(T), is only successful when Tg(f) is incorporated explicitly. An approach using equation of state estimates of free volume is significantly less successful, implying that the most important determinant of local friction in the mixture is the effective Tg sensed by each chain; Tg(f) does not represent an iso-free volume state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4562-4573
Number of pages12
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 14 1998


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