Structure-activity relationship analysis of imidazoquinolines with toll-like receptors 7 and 8 selectivity and enhanced cytokine induction

Charles E. Schiaffo, Ce Shi, Zhengming Xiong, Michael R Olin, John R. Ohlfest, Courtney Aldrich, David M Ferguson

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Abstract

Toll-like receptors 7 and 8 (TLRs) have emerged as key targets in the design of small molecule adjuvants and stimulants for use in immunotherapies. This study examines the structure-activity relationship of a series of C2- and N1-substituted C7-methoxycarbonylimidazoquinolines to gain insight to the structural basis to TLR-7 and -8 selective activity. The analysis is further applied to evaluate the induction of multiple cytokines, including IL-10, IL-12, IL-1β, TNF-α, IFN-α, and IFN-γ, using murine BMDCs and human PBMCs. The results show TLR-7/8 activity is correlated to the C2-alkyl chain length, with peak activity occurring for the butyl (TLR-7) and pentyl (TLR-8) derivatives. A similar SAR is identified in the production of IL-1β, IL-12, and IFN-γ, which are shown to depend on both the C2-alkyl chain length and substitution to the N1-position. The compounds were also potent stimulators of IFN-α and IL-10 production but with less pronounced structure-based correlations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2014

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Toll-Like Receptor 8
Toll-Like Receptor 7
Structure-Activity Relationship
Cytokines
Interleukin-12
Interleukin-1
Interleukin-10
Immunotherapy

Cite this

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title = "Structure-activity relationship analysis of imidazoquinolines with toll-like receptors 7 and 8 selectivity and enhanced cytokine induction",
abstract = "Toll-like receptors 7 and 8 (TLRs) have emerged as key targets in the design of small molecule adjuvants and stimulants for use in immunotherapies. This study examines the structure-activity relationship of a series of C2- and N1-substituted C7-methoxycarbonylimidazoquinolines to gain insight to the structural basis to TLR-7 and -8 selective activity. The analysis is further applied to evaluate the induction of multiple cytokines, including IL-10, IL-12, IL-1β, TNF-α, IFN-α, and IFN-γ, using murine BMDCs and human PBMCs. The results show TLR-7/8 activity is correlated to the C2-alkyl chain length, with peak activity occurring for the butyl (TLR-7) and pentyl (TLR-8) derivatives. A similar SAR is identified in the production of IL-1β, IL-12, and IFN-γ, which are shown to depend on both the C2-alkyl chain length and substitution to the N1-position. The compounds were also potent stimulators of IFN-α and IL-10 production but with less pronounced structure-based correlations.",
author = "Schiaffo, {Charles E.} and Ce Shi and Zhengming Xiong and Olin, {Michael R} and Ohlfest, {John R.} and Courtney Aldrich and Ferguson, {David M}",
year = "2014",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Structure-activity relationship analysis of imidazoquinolines with toll-like receptors 7 and 8 selectivity and enhanced cytokine induction

AU - Schiaffo, Charles E.

AU - Shi, Ce

AU - Xiong, Zhengming

AU - Olin, Michael R

AU - Ohlfest, John R.

AU - Aldrich, Courtney

AU - Ferguson, David M

PY - 2014/1/23

Y1 - 2014/1/23

N2 - Toll-like receptors 7 and 8 (TLRs) have emerged as key targets in the design of small molecule adjuvants and stimulants for use in immunotherapies. This study examines the structure-activity relationship of a series of C2- and N1-substituted C7-methoxycarbonylimidazoquinolines to gain insight to the structural basis to TLR-7 and -8 selective activity. The analysis is further applied to evaluate the induction of multiple cytokines, including IL-10, IL-12, IL-1β, TNF-α, IFN-α, and IFN-γ, using murine BMDCs and human PBMCs. The results show TLR-7/8 activity is correlated to the C2-alkyl chain length, with peak activity occurring for the butyl (TLR-7) and pentyl (TLR-8) derivatives. A similar SAR is identified in the production of IL-1β, IL-12, and IFN-γ, which are shown to depend on both the C2-alkyl chain length and substitution to the N1-position. The compounds were also potent stimulators of IFN-α and IL-10 production but with less pronounced structure-based correlations.

AB - Toll-like receptors 7 and 8 (TLRs) have emerged as key targets in the design of small molecule adjuvants and stimulants for use in immunotherapies. This study examines the structure-activity relationship of a series of C2- and N1-substituted C7-methoxycarbonylimidazoquinolines to gain insight to the structural basis to TLR-7 and -8 selective activity. The analysis is further applied to evaluate the induction of multiple cytokines, including IL-10, IL-12, IL-1β, TNF-α, IFN-α, and IFN-γ, using murine BMDCs and human PBMCs. The results show TLR-7/8 activity is correlated to the C2-alkyl chain length, with peak activity occurring for the butyl (TLR-7) and pentyl (TLR-8) derivatives. A similar SAR is identified in the production of IL-1β, IL-12, and IFN-γ, which are shown to depend on both the C2-alkyl chain length and substitution to the N1-position. The compounds were also potent stimulators of IFN-α and IL-10 production but with less pronounced structure-based correlations.

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