Structural Studies on Monofluorinated Derivatives of the Phytohormone Indole-3-acetic Acid (Auxin)

Snježana Antolić, Biserka Kojić-Prodić, Sanja Tomić, Biljana Nigović, Volker Magnus, Jerry D. Cohen

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Abstract

As part of the molecular recognition studies on the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) a series of fluorinated IAA's has been examined. The phenyl ring substitution at positions 4, 5, 6 and 7 resulted in four compounds, which were analyzed. Structure-activity correlation includes the analysis of their molecular conformations, based on the X-ray diffraction and computational chemistry results, and bioactivity determinations in the Avena coleoptile and the Pisum sativum stem straight-growth tests, lipophilicity and UV absorbance. The conformations of monofluorinated IAA's and a free hormone are defined by rotations about two bonds: one describes the relative orientation of a side chain towards the indole plane and the second the orientation of the carboxylic group. The results of X-ray structure analysis revealed the folded shape of the molecules in all compounds studied. Molecular mechanics and dynamics located the folded conformation as the local minimum, but failed to detect the planar conformation as one of the local minima, which according to ab initio results on IAA and 4-Cl-IAA could also be possible. Crystal data at 295 K for 4-F-IAA and at 297 K for 5-F-IAA, and at 100 K for 6-F-IAA and 7-F-IAA using Mo Kα radiation (λ = 0.71073 Å) and Cu Kα (λ = 1.5418 Å, for 7-F-IAA), are as follows: 4-F-IAA, C10H8NO2F, Mr = 193.18, monoclinic, C2/c, a = 17.294(5), b = 13.875(4), c = 7.442(4)Å, β = 103.88(6)°, V = 1734(1)Å3, Z = 8, Dx = 1.480 g cm-3, μ = 1.1 cm-1, F(000) = 800, R = 0.043, wR = 0.044 for 823 symmetry-independent [I ≥ 3σ(I)] reflections; 5-F-IAA, C10H8NO2F, monoclinic, P21/c, a = 19.284(5), b = 5.083(4), c = 9.939(4)Å, β = 117.28(6)°, V = 865.9(1)Å3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.482 g cm-3, μ = 1.1 cm-1, F(000) = 400, R = 0.062, wR = 0.057 for 729 symmetry-independent [I ≥ 3σ(I)] reflections; 6-F-IAA, C10H8NO2F, monoclinic, P21la, a = 9.360(1), b = 5.167(4), c = 17.751(4)Å, β = 93.75(1)°, V = 856.7(8)Å3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.498 g cm-3, μ = 1.1 cm-1, F(000) = 400, R = 0.048, wR = 0.048 for 1032 symmetry-independent [I ≥ 2σ(I)] reflections; 7-F-IAA, C10H8NO2F, monoclinic, P21/a, a = 9.935(5), b = 5.0059(4), c = 17.610(1)Å, β = 102.13(1)°, V = 856.3(1)Å3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.498 g cm-3, μ = 9.8 cm-1 (Cu Kα), F(000) = 400, R = 0.035, wR = 0.040 for 1504 symmetry-independent [I ≥ 2σ(I)] reflections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-661
Number of pages11
JournalActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1996

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