Structural Properties of the Acidification Products of Scandium Hydroxy Chloride Hydrate

Timothy J. Boyle, Jeremiah M. Sears, Michael L. Neville, Todd M. Alam, Victor G. Young

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14 Scopus citations


The structural properties of a series of scandium inorganic acid derivatives were determined. The reaction of Sc0 with concentrated aqueous hydrochloric acid led to the isolation of [(H2O)5Sc(Μ-OH)]24Cl·2H2O (1). Compound 1 was modified with a series of inorganic acids (i.e., HNO3, H3PO4, and H2SO4) at room temperature and found to form {[(H2O)4Sc(k2-NO3)(Μ-OH)]NO3}2 (2a), [(H2O)4Sc(k2-NO3)2]NO3·H2O (2b) (at reflux temperatures), {6[H][Sc(Μ-PO4)(PO4)]6}n (3), and [H][Sc(Μ3-SO4)2]·2H2O (4a). Additional organosulfonic acid derivatives were investigated, including tosylic acid (H-OTs) to yield {[(H2O)4Sc(OTs)2]OTs}·2H2O (4b) in H2O and [(DMSO)3Sc(OTs)3] (4c) in dimethyl sulfoxide and triflic acid (H-OTf) to form [Sc(H2O)8]OTf3 (4d). Other organic acid modifications of 1 were also investigated, and the final structures were determined to be {([(H2O)2Sc(Μ-OAc)2]Cl)6}n (5) from acetic acid (H-OAc) and [Sc(Μ-TFA)3Sc(Μ-TFA)3]n (6) from trifluoroacetic acid (H-TFA). In addition to single-crystal X-ray structures, the compounds were identified by solid-state and solution-state 45Sc nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11831-11841
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 21 2015

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© 2015 American Chemical Society.


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