Structural investigation of the ammonium intercalates of titanium and niobium disulfides

M. J. McKelvy, G. A. Wiegers, J. M. Dunn, V. G. Young, W. S. Glaunsinger

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10 Scopus citations


The ammonium intercalates (NH+4)y'TiSy'-2, y'=0.21 and 0.23, and (NH+4)0.19NbS0.19- 2 have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, vapor pressure measurements and evolved gas analysis. These compounds have six-layer stage-II structures with rhombohedral, or nearly rhombohedral, symmetry. A comparison of calculated and observed X-ray powder diffraction intensities for (NH+4)0.21TiS0.21-2 (a=3.1416 and c=42.73 A ̊) shows good agreement with trigonal prismatic NH+4 coordination in the van der Waals gap. X-ray powder diffraction also suggests the presence of substantial local-layer disorder for many of these compounds, which is probably associated with the low temperatures required for synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-170
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - May 1990


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