Structural Dynamics of Protein Interactions Using Site-Directed Spin Labeling of Cysteines to Measure Distances and Rotational Dynamics with EPR Spectroscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Here we review applications of site-directed spin labeling (SDSL) with engineered cysteines in proteins, to study the structural dynamics of muscle and non-muscle proteins, using and developing the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic techniques of dipolar EPR, double electron electron resonance (DEER), saturation transfer EPR (STEPR), and orientation measured by EPR. The SDSL technology pioneered by Wayne Hubbell and collaborators has greatly expanded the use of EPR, including the measurement of distances between spin labels covalently attached to proteins and peptides. The Thomas lab and collaborators have applied these techniques to elucidate dynamic interactions in the myosin–actin complex, myosin-binding protein C, calmodulin, ryanodine receptor, phospholamban, utrophin, dystrophin, β-III-spectrin, and Aurora kinase. The ability to design and engineer cysteines in proteins for site-directed covalent labeling has enabled the use of these powerful EPR techniques to measure distances, while showing that they are complementary with optical spectroscopy measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-100
Number of pages22
JournalApplied Magnetic Resonance
Volume55
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

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© The Author(s) 2023.

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